That place in the Spirit

The further I travel in my walk with God, the more I can see my need for a greater measure of the Holy Spirit. In Christendom too, I can see that we have only received a limited unction from God; we have received the Spirit only in a measure. There is a life described in the Bible that is expected of any person who has received the baptism with the Holy Spirit, which I find to be out of reach of most Christians, the reason not being a lack of effort on our part but a lack of unction. There is a place we must yearn for and reach in the Spirit where the Spirit of God rests so fully upon us that we will be able to experience the Christian life described in the Bible. Does’nt Paul pray for the Ephesian believers to be filled with all the fullness of God (Ephesians 3:19)? Had’nt they already received the Spirit? Certainly!

How does the Bible describe this life? Lets look at some verses.

1. 1John 2:6 “He who says he abides in Him ought himself also to walk just as He walked.” This verse speaks of living as Jesus lived.

2. 1Corinthians 2:16 “But we have the mind of Christ.” This speaks of thinking as Jesus thinks.

3. John 14:12 “Most assuredly I say to you, he who believes in me, the works that I do he will do also; and greater works than these he will do because I go to my Father.” This speaks of doing what Jesus did.

None of the above is remotely possible without the Holy Spirit.

I have had the privilege of leading people to Christ, baptizing people in water, leading people into the baptism of the Holy Spirit through the laying on of hands, casting out demons and healing the sick in the name of Jesus. I can tell you that I do get a great sense of fulfillment while in ministry, however there is still a deep yearning within my soul for I know that there is a higher place of union and communion with Christ that alone will truly satisfy. All ministry is just the natural outcome of the union and communion we have with Christ.

The soul can only be satisfied with more of God; ministry can never take God’s place. I believe that is why Paul, despite the wonderful ministry and the miracles he performed, still yearned to know Christ in a greater measure.

May the Lord Jesus, the baptizer in the Holy Spirit, pour out His Spirit upon us in a greater measure so that we can enter into this supernatural life that he promised.

Trading the truth for a lie

The Bible tells us that the end result of people who live in adultery is “total ruin” and “death”. We can see this in Proverbs 5:14, 23. In fact, the entire chapter speaks of the perils of adultery. We must understand that sins have consequences – at a basic level, please note that all the men who left Egypt, except for two could not enter the promised land because they refused to believe God and obey him; they all died in the wilderness. They still had supernatural provision and protection for 40 years, but they died in the wilderness.

Having said this, I would like to address another sin that the Bible warns against – homosexuality. I would like to show you what the Bible says about this sin.

1. Leviticus 18:22 “You shall not lie with a male as with a woman. It is an abomination.” It is an abomination.

2. 2 Peter 2:7 “and delivered righteous Lot, who was oppressed by the filthy conduct of the wicked.” It is called “filthy”.

3. Judges 19:22 “As they were enjoying themselves, suddenly certain men of the city, perverted men (sons of Belial), surrounded the house and beat on the door. They spoke to the master of the house, the old man, saying, “Bring out the man who came to your house, that we may know him carnally.”” The terms used here are “perverted” and “sons of Belial” or “sons of the devil”. 

4. Romans 1:24-28 NLT – “So God abandoned them to do whatever shameful things their hearts desired. As a result, they did vile and degrading things with each others bodies. They traded the truth about God for a lie. So they worshipped and served the things God created instead of the creator himself who is worthy of eternal praise. That is why God abandoned them to their shameful desires. Even the women turned against the natural way to have sex and instead indulged in sex with each other. And the men, instead of having normal sexual relations with women burned with lust for each other. Men did shameful things with other men and as a result of this sin, they suffered within themselves the penalty they deserved. Since they thought it foolish to acknowledge God, he abandoned them to their foolish thinking and let them do the things that never should be done.” From this passage, we can see that it is called “vile and degrading”, “shameful”, “unnatural”, “sin”, “deserves a penalty”, “will suffer a penalty in their bodies”, “foolish thinking” and “things that never should have been done.”

5. 1 Corinthians 6:9, 10 – “Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. Neither fornicators……..nor homosexuals, nor sodomites …… will inherit the kingdom of God.” It is called “unrighteous”. The verse also shows that such will not inherit the kingdom of God.

I would also like to list the probable causes of homosexual behaviour. Do note that this is my personal opinion. 

1. It is caused by an unclean spirit/demon of homosexuality.

2. The spirit compels the flesh to desire and indulge in this sinful activity. It is compulsive. Thats why people think that they “are made that way”. Over a period of time, it becomes ingrained as normal behaviour so much so that even after the spirit has been cast out, people still struggle with temptation because their flesh has been indulged and conditioned for such a long time.

3. This spirit comes in either through molestation, or rape or hatred of men or hatred of women or pornography or oral sex or through the generational line when ancestors (male and female; husband and wife; father and mother) have indulged in anal sex. A word of caution here – not everyone who harbours a spirit ends up with a homosexual lifestyle.

Brethren, may the God of peace sanctify us through and through and may our whole spirit, soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. He who calls us is faithful and He will do it.

The work of Christ

“Come to me, all you who labour and are heavy laden and I will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you and learn from me for I am meek and humble in heart and you will find rest for your souls. For my yoke is easy and my burden is light. – Matt 11:28-30”.

The text from Matthew 11:28-30 has been used frequently in calling sinners to Jesus Christ, offering them freedom from their bondages, salvation and rest.

Today, however let us look at this passage in a different light – I want you to see it as a call from Jesus to work with Him. The picture of a yoke (and oxen) speaks of ploughing a field or of drawing a cart. Oxen are placed under a yoke only for work. Jesus is calling you to work with Him, to learn from Him and to find rest in the process. You are not called to work alone, you will be working with Jesus and doing His work. Instead of labouring and being heavy laden as with any yoke, the work of Jesus will bring rest and refreshing.

I have noticed that in my past four ministry trips to the Philippines, I have gone in tired and weary (I hold a full time job and did experience much spiritual warfare prior to leaving) but have come out rested and refreshed – in fact, I returned from the Philippines in a better spiritual state than when I went in. There seems to be something about the work of Christ that, instead of wearing one out, brings rest.

Let us look, as usual, at the Word to understand more about the work that Jesus calls us to.

1. Philippians 2:30 “because for the work of Christ, he came close to death……”

2. Acts 13:2 “…now separate to me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.”

3. 2 Timothy 2:15 “Be diligent to present yourself approved to God, a worker who does not need to be ashamed,……”

4. 1 Corinthians 3:9 “For we are God’s fellow workers…..”

5. 1 Corinthians 3:13, 14 “……the fire will test each one’s work, of what sort it is. If anyone’s work which he has built on it endures, he will receive a reward.”

6. 1 Corinthians 15:10 “But by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me was not in vain; but I laboured (worked) more abundantly than they all,……..”

7. 1 Corinthians 15:58 “Therefore my beloved brethren, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.”

What is the work of Christ ?

I believe it is preaching the gospel, making disciples, building Jesus’ church and doing the works that Jesus did such as destroying the works of the devil, healing the sick and casting out demons. 

Paul said that the ministry he received was to testify to the gospel of the grace of God (Acts 20:24). Jesus commanded his disciples to go into all the world and to preach the gospel and to make disciples (Mark 16:15-18 and Matthew 28:19,20). He also said that he was building his church (Matt 16:18). Mark’s gospel ends with a lovely phrase in 16:20 – “and the Lord working with them and confirming the word through the accompanying signs.” Paul speaks of Christ working mighty signs and wonders through him as he went about preaching the gospel (Romans 15:18,19). In 1 Corinthians 3:9-15, we are admonished to take care how we build and also that our work will be tested with fire to see of what sort it is. We see people like Paul and Epaphroditus who dedicated their entire lives to the work of Christ, one came close to death because of that, while Paul gave up his life in the process. We see that while Jesus calls all of us to work with Him, some are called to engage in the work full time and be supported by other believers, while others like Paul, work and support themselves. In this work, while it is open to all and everyone has a specific task, there are some who are called to specific areas of service or functions such as apostle, prophet, evangelist, pastor and teacher. All are equal in God’s eyes and each one will receive a reward for the work they have done.

Today, Jesus calls you to partner with Him in His work. His yoke is easy and His burden is light. Will you respond?


As a general rule, revelation precedes Christian experience. All we can know of God is when God reveals himself to us through His word or through His Spirit.

Revelation can be understood as the unveiling of God to the believer OR as the opening of the believer’s understanding to God and the things of God. Revelation is totally the work of the Holy Spirit; man can never attain this knowledge or experience on his own. It must be of God.

1. One’s sinfulness – Acts 2:37 “Now, when they heard this, they were cut to the heart….” Luke 5:8 “…..Depart from me for I am a sinful man, O Lord.”

2. Jesus as Saviour, Lord and God – John 20:28 “And Thomas answered and said to him, “My Lord and my God””. Also, Acts 9:3-5.

3. The Father – Matthew 11:27 “….Nor does anyone know the Father except the Son and the one to whom the Son wills to reveal him”.

4. Jesus – Eph 1:17 “….give to you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him (Christ)”. Luke 24:31 “Then their eyes were opened and they knew Him and vanished from their sight.” Also, Revelation 1:9-18 and Philippians 3:10 and Matt 16:17.

5. The love of Christ – Eph 3:19 “to know the love of Christ which passes knowledge……”.

6. The things that God has prepared for us – 1 Cor 2:9,10 “Eye has not see, nor ear heard, nor have entered into the heart of man the things which God has prepared for those who love him. But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit….”.

7. The things of the Holy Spirit – 1 Cor 2:14 “But the natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; nor can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned”. Acts contains many instances where the Holy Spirit revealed things to the apostles and Paul eg- Ananias and Sapphira lying.

8. Jesus Christ IN us – Galatians 1:16 “to reveal His Son IN me…..” In my opinion, this is the greatest revelation that you and I need in order to live the Christian life in power. Jesus Christ in us – living in us, speaking through us, doing his ministry through us, overcoming sin, Satan, sickness and the world through us. No longer I but Christ living in me.

9. Wonderful things in the Word – Psalms 119:18 “Open my eyes that I may see wondrous things from your law”.

10. God’s dealings with the wicked and the righteous – Psalms 73:16, 17 “When I thought how to understand this, it was too painful for me – until I went into the sanctuary of God; then I understood their end”.

11. Mysteries of the kingdom and Christ – Matthew 13:11 “….it has been given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven……” Galatians 1:12 “For I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but it came through the revelation of Jesus Christ.” Also Ephesians 3:2-6.

Once we receive revelation from God, we must press in to experience what has been revealed to us. Having a revelation of the baptism of the Holy Spirit, for instance, is not of much use unless it is followed by the experience of receiving the Holy Spirit. Having a revelation of God as healer is of not much use unless it is followed by experiencing his healing.

All through the journey of the Israelites across the desert, God was constantly revealing himself – as their provider, as miracle worker, as healer, as shepherd, as guide, as protector and more. The Israelites could not see this – all they could see was their own need.

Similarly, and in fact, in a much greater way, God is revealing himself to us. Jesus said, “he who has seen me has seen the Father.” Jesus was the perfect revelation of God the Father.

May we desire to know him by revelation and experience all that He has for us on this earth. Cry out to him to reveal himself – only knowing Christ will satisfy your soul. There is a place for us to express our deep desire to know Him through prayer and at times, fasting – God normally answers this cry. We do not have, because we do not ask.

The love of God

In Ephesians 3:19, the love of God is described as that which surpasses knowledge. In other words, it cannot be understood by the mind; it can only be known by the human spirit; it is spiritually discerned and experienced. God so loved the world that He gave his only begotten son to save those who believe.

Let us look at some verses of Scripture that speak of the love of God –

1. Ephesians 3:19 “…to know the love of Christ that surpasses knowledge….”. The love of Christ is beyond our understanding; it must be known and experienced and apprehended by the spirit of man. No amount of study can enable us to understand the love of God. We need God to reveal his love and enable us to experience it. It is only after this experience that we can be filled with all the fullness of God (vs 19).

2. Romans 5:5 ” the love of God has been poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit…”. The love of God has to be received in our spirits. The love of God has been placed in our spirits by the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit alone can help us to spiritually comprehend and apprehend the love of God.

3. John 15:9 “As the Father loved me, I also have loved you; abide in my love.” Jesus encourages his disciples to abide in his love – to be conscious of His love for them; to make an effort to remind ourselves that we are loved perfectly with a flawless love.

4. Jude 21 “keep yourselves in the love of God”. This is similar to abiding in the love of Jesus – to be conscious of the love of Jesus.

5. Romans 8:35-39 “…nothing in all creation can separate us from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.” Paul had such a spiritual understanding and experience of the love of God that he was convinced that nothing in all creation could separate us from God’s love. It is a perfect love, for Jesus said that he loves us just as the Father loved him (John 15:9). Also that the Father loves us to the same extent that He loves Jesus (John 17:23).

Today, let us understand that we are loved by God – with a perfect love; nothing can come in the way of God’s perfect love for us. He loves us to the same extent and with the same passion that He loved Jesus. Anything that tries to come in the way of God’s love will be consumed and taken out of the way. We are held in the mighty force field of God’s love similar to the gravitational pull of the earth. Nothing can snatch us out of His hand. His steadfast love never ceases; it is new today. How great is the love the Father has bestowed upon us that we should be called children of God. The love that was manifested in Christ leaving the glory of Heaven, coming down to earth, taking on human flesh and going to the cross to take our place.

May God continue to open the eyes of our hearts that we may comprehend the width and the length and the depth and the height of the love of Christ and to know this love that surpasses knowledge. Words cannot express this love, they are inadequate; it must be experienced by our spirits.


Christianity is divinely supernatural from beginning to end. Everything about Christianity is supernatural. It is about receiving, not achieving. Take out the supernatural element from Christianity and you have nothing left. Why, Jesus coming to earth itself was supernatural ! Jesus dwelling in me is supernatural ! Salvation is supernatural ! The Christian is a person with a divine supernatural experience from God through Jesus Christ throughout his life on earth.

I just returned from a short ministry trip to the Philippines this morning and among other things, I was filled with a great desire to experience more of God. Both yesterday and today I was meditating on the word “anointing” and would like to pen my thoughts on the subject for your edification.

1. Anointing with the Holy Spirit (for ministry)

“The Spirit of the Lord is upon me because He (the Lord) has anointed me to ……..” Luke 4:!8. When Jesus spoke of the anointing, He referred to God anointing him with the Holy Spirit. God had placed His Spirit upon Jesus. Just as the prophets of old anointed with oil or poured oil upon the heads of kings or their successors, God had anointed Jesus not with oil, but with the Holy Spirit. When the anointing of the Holy Spirit was upon him, he received supernatural ability to preach, to teach, to heal, to raise the dead and to set people free from bondage to demons. The purpose of the anointing of the Holy Spirit was to grant supernatural ability for ministry.

2. Anointing with power (for ministry)

In Acts 10:38, we see that God anointed Jesus with the Holy Spirit and power. The power of God rested upon Jesus to work miracles and to heal the sick.

3. Anointing with joy (for living)

In addition to God anointing Jesus with the Holy Spirit, we also read of God anointing Jesus with joy. In Hebrews 1:9, we see, “…..God has anointed you with the oil of joy more than your companions.” A supernatural joy was placed upon Jesus.

When I see that God anointed Jesus with supernatural joy, I am inclined to consider that it is possible for God to not only anoint us with joy, but with the other fruit or characteristics of the Holy Spirit, such as love, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, gentleness, faithfulness, self control, humility and the fear of God. These verses in Galatians 5 speak of the fruit of the Spirit, not the fruit of the natural man, not the product of trying and striving and changing. The fruit is of the Spirit, not out of self-effort. It is the divine supernatural – beyond the natural; that which is impossible for man to achieve or experience by his own effort. The fruit of the Spirit refers to supernatural love, supernatural joy, supernatural peace, supernatural patience, supernatural kindness, supernatural goodness, supernatural faithfulness, supernatural self control, supernatural humility and the supernatural fear of God.

I believe that we can experience the various anointings of God. The anointings for ministry refer to the anointing with the Holy Spirit and the anointing with power. These anointings empower us for ministry. The anointings for our daily life refer to the anointings that bring the supernatural characteristics of the Holy Spirit into our daily experience, the only condition being our yieldedness to Him.

I greatly desire the anointings of God in all of their variety, to rest upon my being. Some of them come upon us for a season, while others rest upon us permanently.

May the chief pursuit of our lives be intimacy with God, fellowship with Him, us containing more of Him and Him having all of us.

Christianity is ……

Christianity is –

1. God reaching out to man.

2. God providing salvation.

3. The forgiveness of sins and cleansing of man’s nature by the blood of Jesus.

4. The removal of the sinful nature from man and God sanctifying man.

5. The impartation of God’s righteousness to man.

6. The impartation of God’s nature to man.

7. The impartation of the mind of Christ to man.

8. God coming to dwell in man.

9. God fellowshipping with man.

10. Power and authority given to man over the kingdom of darkness.

11. God leading man always in triumph

12. Man overcoming sin, Satan, sickness, curse and the world through God’s indwelling presence and anointing.

13. Man being transformed into the image of Christ.

14. The assurance of Heaven.

15. The resurrection of the body after death.

The sound of triumph and victory permeates Christianity. The Christian is the salt of the earth and the light of the world, he is one who is possessed by Christ, he is in Christ and Christ is in him, he has the answer to the world’s ills. He is saved, healed, delivered, blessed, sanctified, justified, glorified, placed in Christ, established in Christ, sealed, anointed, authorised, empowered, an ambassador of Christ, fully revealing Christ to the world. Now compare Christianity with the other religions out there…..

Between the Ascension and Pentecost

We know that Jesus ascended to heaven 40 days after he had been raised from the dead. During these 40 days between the resurrection and the ascension, Jesus appeared to his disciples and taught them about the kingdom of God (Acts 1). Ten days after the ascension, the Holy Spirit was poured out upon the disciples on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2).

What exactly happened between the Ascension and Pentecost?

1. Jesus took His place at the Father’s right hand. Acts 2:32

2. Jesus received all authority in heaven and on earth. Matt 28:18

3. Jesus was bestowed a name that is above every name. Phil 2:9-11

4. Jesus received the keys of Hell and of death. Rev 1:18

5. Jesus received the Holy Spirit and the right to pour out the Spirit upon all flesh. Acts 2:33

6. Jesus became a great high priest and mediator of a new covenant. Heb 4:14, 8:6

7. Jesus began to rule all things. 1 Cor 15:25 , Rev 1:5

8. Jesus became the Head of the church. Eph 1:22

This Jesus is living in you and in me – we are now his dwelling place. He takes possession of us through the Holy Spirit and we become the habitation of God. We are his body and He lives in us, speaks through us, fellowships with us, continues His ministry through us and transforms us into His image – until we all reach the measure of the fullness of His own stature.

Oh, what a salvation! What a Saviour! What a God!

How to abide in Christ

Whoever abides in Him does not sin. Whoever sins has neither seen Him or known Him.” 1 John 3:6

He who says he abides in Him ought himself to walk just as He walked.” 1 John2:6

As mentioned in my previous article on “Abiding in Christ”, Jesus taught his disciples the importance of abiding in Him but did not really explain to them how they were to abide. We see that John the apostle explains to us how we ought to abide in Christ in his first epistle. Let us attempt to understand “abiding in Christ” in the context of these verses.

The above verses are simple statements of fact and not  promises. Whoever abides in Christ will live like Jesus lived. If we are not living like Christ, we are simply not abiding in Christ. Whoever abides in Christ does not sin. Sinning, here, is consciously committed. It does not refer to sub-conscious or unconscious sin. If we sin, we are simply not abiding in Christ. “Not sinning” is one natural outcome of abiding in Christ, with another outcome being “bearing fruit”. Did I just hear someone protest, “We are not Jesus, we are human beings” and “We are all sinners” and “Is the Christian expected not to sin at all” and “It is impossible not to sin”? Well, just because our experience does not match with God’s word, it does not mean that we can change the meaning of God’s word or skirt these verses. Would that not be eerily similar to what the Pharisees were doing when they twisted God’s word to excuse their own sins?

Obviously then, abiding in Christ refers to an ongoing, daily experience that will enable us to live as Jesus lived and keep us from sinning. Anything less than “living like Jesus lived” and “not sinning” is unworthy of the claim to abide in Christ. If we find ourselves sinning in thought or deed, we have simply not learned to abide in Christ. This verse forces us to rethink our understanding of what it means to abide in Christ. While contemplating this truth, we will find then, that we have settled for an abysmally low level of Christianity and have portrayed Christ in a manner totally unworthy of Him. We will find that we have strained out the gnat, but swallowed a camel by claiming to abide in Christ while still sinning.

What does it mean to abide in Christ?

I believe it refers to the consciousness of Christ’s presence filling and enveloping us – not at a time in the past, but in the present, in the here and now. This consciousness is brought about by the Holy Spirit. The Bible says in 1 Corinthians 1:30 “Of Him are you in Christ Jesus…”. In 1 John 2:27, we see that the anointing of the Holy Spirit teaches us to abide in Christ. It is the experience of the fulness of the Holy Spirit that brings about the consciousness of Christ’s presence. It is this consciousness of Christ’s presence that will result in us living as Jesus lived and will keep us from sinning. Jesus himself lived by the fulness of the Holy Spirit, for God gave Him the Spirit without measure. Our aim then is not “not sinning” or “living as Jesus lived”, but to simply be filled with the Holy Spirit.

We also read in other verses, of actions that assist us in entering into and remaining in this consciousness of Christ’s presence.

1. 1 John 2:24 Filling our minds with the Word of God.

2. 1 John 3:24  Obedience to Christ’s commandments.

3. 1 John 4:16 Consciousness of Christ’s love. Also, John 15:9 which speaks of abiding in Christ’s love.

4. John 6:56 Partaking of communion.

May God open our eyes to this truth and experience. May we all abide in Christ, for without Jesus Christ, we can do nothing.

The things of the Spirit

1 Corinthians 2:14 – “But the natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; nor can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.”

1 Corinthians 2:  – “but He has revealed them to us by His Spirit.”

Ephesians 3:19 – “……to know the love of Christ which passes knowledge”

Philippians 4:7 – “and the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding”

1 Corinthians 14:14 – “For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays but my understanding is unfruitful.”

God’s ways and thoughts are infinitely higher than our ways and thoughts. Paul says that God’s judgements are unsearchable and his ways are past finding out.

If you look at the verses of Scripture above, you will recognize that the things of God can only be spiritually discerned or, in other words known by revelation and experience. Similarly, the love of Christ can only be known by revelation and experience. It is beyond our natural minds to comprehend the love of Christ. Likewise, the peace of God, the joy of God, the power of God  and the righteousness of God can only be known by revelation and by experience.

The infinite wonder of God’s salvation is known as God progressively grants us revelation from His word. Our union with Christ, our being in Him and He in us, our transformation into His image – these and other wonders cannot be known and understood by the natural mind – God must reveal them to us and grant that we experience them. Paul speaks of the mysteries of God having been revealed to him; the fact of Christ living in us is a great mystery that was revealed.

Jesus said that man lives by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God – food for the spirit of man is revelation from the Word of God.

In order for us to receive revelation from the Word of God; for God to speak to us by revelation, we need to be in a place where we can receive revelation. Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of God. Recognizing our poverty of spirit is crucial to receiving revelation from God. We need to come to God recognizing our great need for Him, recognizing that only His presence can truly satisfy – we must have more than an intellectual study of the Word; God must show up and fill us. We come to him, having confessed our sins, with a willingness to repent, to set right broken relationships, to make restitution as God leads. Recognizing our sinfulness leads to the recognition of our need for a Saviour; recognizing our lack of power leads to the recognition of our need for the baptism of the Holy Spirit.

Prior to John receiving revelation from Jesus, he was brought to a place where “he fell down at Jesus’ feet as though dead”; he recognized the poverty of his spirit and the divinity of Jesus.

Will you come to God in this manner today? Refuse to dwell in the outer fringes of God’s dealings; press in to the place of revelation, experience and transformation.